Cottonwood is a census-designated place (CDP) in Shasta County, California, United States. The population was 3,316 at the 2010 census, up from 2,960 at the 2000 census. Cottonwood was a stagecoach town where a settlement was established in 1849. The first Post Office was opened in 1852. Cottonwood is equidistant between Redding and Red Bluff, 15 miles (24 km) in either direction. It is 4 miles (6.4 km) south of Anderson.
Cottonwood is located at 40°23′20″N 122°16′55″W / 40.38889°N 122.28194°W / 40.38889; -122.28194 (40.388953, −122.281823).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.3 square miles (6.0 km), all of it land.
Cottonwood is located on the north and south bank of Cottonwood Creek, for which it is named.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Cottonwood had a population of 3,316. The population density was 1,433.0 people per square mile (553.3/km²). The racial makeup of Cottonwood was 2,844 (85.8%) White, 4 (0.1%) African American, 99 (3.0%) Native American, 108 (3.3%) Asian, 2 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 120 (3.6%) from other races, and 139 (4.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 352 persons (10.6%).
The Census reported that 3,316 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 1,200 households, out of which 500 (41.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 591 (49.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 200 (16.7%) had a female householder with no husband present, 102 (8.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. 240 households (20.0%) were made up of individuals and 80 (6.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76. There were 893 families (74.4% of all households); the average family size was 3.14.
The population was spread out with 950 people (28.6%) under the age of 18, 299 people (9.0%) aged 18 to 24, 805 people (24.3%) aged 25 to 44, 910 people (27.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 352 people (10.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.
There were 1,306 housing units at an average density of 564.4 per square mile (217.9/km²), of which 759 (63.3%) were owner-occupied, and 441 (36.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 4.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.7%. 2,093 people (63.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 1,223 people (36.9%) lived in rental housing units.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,960 people, 1,068 households, and 776 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,237.2 people per square mile (478.2/km²). There were 1,131 housing units at an average density of 472.7 per square mile (182.7/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 86.32% White, 0.24% African American, 3.21% Native American, 3.04% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 3.34% from other races, and 3.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.39% of the population.
There were 1,068 households out of which 42.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.3% were non-families. 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.22.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 32.1% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $30,191, and the median income for a family was $31,808. Males had a median income of $31,161 versus $20,755 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $11,778. About 12.0% of families and 18.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.3% of those under age 18 and 3.8% of those age 65 or over.
Cottonwood California neighborhoods include: Adobe Rd, Black Lane Portal, Bowman/Shelter Haven/Rory, Bywood, Cottonwood, Country Hills Estates, Draper Rd, Joanne Lane, Lake California, Marianas, North Bowman, Oakwood Heights, Quailridge Estates, Rhonda Road, Saddleback, Sherwood Estates, Skyview Estates, White Oak Ranches