Templeton is a census-designated place (CDP) in San Luis Obispo County, California. The population was 7,674 at the 2010 census, up from 4,687 at the 2000 census.
Templeton is located at 35°33′14″N 120°42′34″W / 35.55389°N 120.70944°W / 35.55389; -120.70944 (35.553847, −120.709469). It is approximately five miles south of Paso Robles and five miles (8 km) north of Atascadero along U.S. 101. State Route 46 intersects U.S. 101 on the north edge of the town.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 7.8 square miles (20 km), 99.37% of it land and 0.63% water. However, much of the surrounding unincorporated area between Atascadero and Paso Robles is considered as part of Templeton, with most U.S. mail for this area addressed thus.
Templeton, is a small, fast growing, rural town. It has added dwelling units faster since 1990 than any other community in the county (a 63% increase), with developments competing with vineyards for prime land.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Templeton had a population of 7,674. The population density was 988.1 per square mile (381.5/km²). The racial make up of Templeton was 6,833 (89.0%) White, 59 (0.8%) African American, 80 (1.0%) Native American, 123 (1.6%) Asian, 10 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 337 (4.4%) from other races, and 232 (3.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,171 persons (15.3%).
The Census reported that 7,580 people (98.8% of the population) lived in households, 1 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters and 93 (1.2%) were institutionalized.
There were 2,830 households, of which 1,121 (39.6%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,572 (55.5%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 363 (12.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 127 (4.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 117 (4.1%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships and 29 (1.0%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 654 households (23.1%) were made up of individuals and 352 (12.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68. There were 2,062 families (72.9% of all households); the average family size was 3.14.
2,049 people (26.7%) of the population were under the age of 18, 598 people (7.8%) aged 18 to 24, 1,627 people (21.2%) aged 25 to 44, 2,288 people (29.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,112 people (14.5%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.6 males.
There were 3,006 housing units at an average density of 387.1 per square mile (149.4/km²), of which 2,002 (70.7%) were owner-occupied, and 828 (29.3%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.9%. 5,453 people (71.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 2,127 people (27.7%) lived in rental housing units.
At the 2000 census, there were 4,687 people, 1,548 households and 1,247 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 989.2 per square mile (381.8/km²). There were 1,588 housing units at an average density of 335.2 per square mile (129.4/km²). The racial make up of the CDP was 90.36% White, 1.17% African American, 0.70% Native American, 0.92% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 3.63% from other races, and 3.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.82% of the population.
There were 1,548 households of which 49.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.4% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.4% were non-families. 15.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.33.
33.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males.
The median household income was $53,438 and the median family income was $58,750. Males had a median income of $41,268 compared with $32,034 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $19,671. About 6.3% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.5% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.
Templeton California neighborhoods include: Bethel/Vineyard Templeton, Creekside Ranch, East Templeton, Kingsbury Road, Las Tablas East/Hawley, Las Tablas Rd, Main Street, North Bethel, Santa Rita Road, Santa Rosa Creek Rd, Santa Ysabel Ranch, Spanish Lakes, Suncrest, Templeton/Megan Court, The Vineyards, York Mountain